2. Cracking feet
3. Pain in the feet
6. Club foot
7. Stiff ankles
8. Cramps in the calf muscles
10. Bow leddedness, janu varum,
11. Knock knees, janu valgum
12. Stiffness and fullness in the thighs
13. Pain and weakness in the thighs
15. Rectal prolapse
16. Tenesmus (gudarti)
17. Scrotal pain
18. Stiffness in the penis
19. Fullness in the groin
20. Pelvic pain
21. Hard stools
22. Abdominal distension with constipation
23. Lameness, kyphosis
24. Dwarfism, Gigantism
25. Pain and stiffness in the sacroiliac joint
26. Stiffness in the back
27. Chest pain
28. Spasmodic abdominal pain
30. Tachycardia/heart palpitations
31. A rubbing chest pain
32. Impairment of thoracic movement
33. Pricking chest pain
34. Atrophy of the arms
35. Stiffness in the neck
37. Hoarseness of voice
28. Jaw pain
39. Lip pain
40. Eye pain
42. Loose teeth
45. An astringent taste in the mouth
46. Dryness in the mouth
51. Hard of hearing, hearing loss, hearing impairment
53. Ptosis of the eyelids
57. Ptosis of the eyeballs
58. Ptosis of the eyebrows
59. Pain in the temporal region
60. Pain in the frontal region of the head
63. Facial paralysis
67. Clonic seizures
68. Tonic seizures
69. Fainting, giddiness
75. Delirium, excessive talking
76. Dryness, Hardness
78. Dusky dark appearance
80. An unstable mind.
1. Fomentation and oleation.
2. Mild elimination.
3. Medicines and a diet with sweet, sour and salty tastes.
4. Medicines and diet should be hot.
5. Alcohol made from molasses.
6. Regular intake of medicated enemas with unctuous and heating medicines.
7. Leisurely and ordered living.
8. Oil, ghee, etc.,boiled with medicines that are digestant, stimulating and carminative.
9. Application of hot ointment followed by a hot medicated bath
10. A diet that includes hot soups and warm milk.
Pitta dosha becomes aggravated by
- Anger, grief, fear, exertion, sexual intercourse
- Fasting, an intake of pungent, sour, salty, sharp, hot ingredients, such as chillis and spicy food, sesame or mustard oil, fried and oily food, and yoghurt, are harmful to Pitta's digestion and cause indigestion, leading to acid formation,
- heat, during summer, at the end of the rainy season, during midday, and midnight, and during the time of the digestion of food.
Symptoms of aggravated Pitta
Yellow coloration of the skin, giddiness, weakness, defective functioning of the sense organs, destruction of ojas, a desire for cold things, burning sensations, a bitter taste in the mouth, excessive thirst, fainting, reduced sleep and anger.
Diseases of Pitta
Ayurveda outlines 40 diseases implicated by the aggravation of pitta dosha in the body, namely:
6. Acid regurgitation (gastroesophageal reflux)
7. Pyrosis (heartburn)
8. Internal burning sensation
9. Burning sensation in the shoulder
11. Profuse sweating
12. Foetid body smell; unpleasant body odour
13. Cracking body ache
14. Sloughing of blood
15. Sloughing of muscles
16. Burning sensation in the skin
17. Cracking of the skin
18. Itching of the skin
20. Red vesicle formation
21. Bleeding disorders
22. Red round patches
23. Greenish discoloration
24. Yellowish discoloration
25. Blue spot
28. Bitter taste in the mouth
29. Metallic odour from the mouth
30. Bad odour from the mouth
31. Excessive thirst
37. Inflammation of the penis
40. Greenish or yellowish discoloration of the eyes, urine or stools.
In addition to these, there can be pitta giddiness, a feeling of intoxication, dryness in the mouth, delirium, diarrhea, anorexia, fever, desire for cooling things etc.
Treatment for the diseases of pitta dosha
1.An intake of clarified butter (ghee)
2. Purgation with the use of medication that is sweet and cooling
3. Medicines and a diet with sweet, bitter and pungent tastes
4. Bathing in a perfume-scented bath
5. External application of camphor and sandalwood paste
6. Wearing a pearl necklace
7. Practicing patience
8. Exposure during the early hours of the night to the moon's rays from the rooftop
9. Associating with friends who are spirited and informal
10. Speaking with people whose speech is pleasant and sweet
11. Associate with people who are laid back, burn camphor perfume and wear special ornaments
12. Living in a cold house (with underground rooms) through which a steam flows
13. Going for a walk in parks and on the banks of lakes
14. Sit by a lake, on the sand, which has well formed banks and clean water.
Special regimens to alleviate Pitta
Sit on the bank of a lotus pond
Walk through a park with plentiful trees
Enjoy pleasing gestures from others
Include milk and clarified butter in the diet
Kapha becomes aggravated through
- lack of exercise, lazy habits, sleep during the daytime and other wrong regimens.
- eating sweet, sour, salty, cold, unctuous, heavy food, such as wheat
- slimy food which obstructs the channels of circulation, for instance yoghurt, fish, milk, alkaline food, puddings, sugarcane juice, pastries prepared from sesame seeds, tahini
- intake of excess food
- eating before previous food is digested
Symptoms of aggravated Kapha
Pallour, coldness, flabbiness, obesity, laziness, heaviness, loss of strength in the body, obstruction of channels, fainting, excess sleep, drowsiness, dyspnoea, coughing, excessive salivation, nausea, loss of digestive power, abnormal function of the joints.
Kapha becomes specially aggravated by coldness, during winter and spring, in the forenoon, in the evening, and soon after eating.
Diseases of Kapha
Ayurveda outlines 20 diseases implicated by the aggravation of kapha dosha, namely:
3. Excessive sleep
5. Heaviness in the body
7. Sweet taste in the mouth
9. Mucous expectoration
10. Excessive excretion of foeces,
11. Weakness, indigestion
12. A feeling like the heart is covered
13. Phlegm adhered to the throat
14. Hardening of the blood vessels
17. Loss of appetite or digestive fire
20 Whiteness of urine, eyes and stools.
In addition to these, cardiac diseases, itching over the body, excessive horripilation, ineffectiveness of wisdom, vomiting, chronic rhinitis, bronchitis, sensation in lips, throat, tongue, gums, palate, nose, eyes, ears and earlobes.
Treatment for Kaphic Diseases
1. Administration of emetic and inhalation of sharp, penetrating drugs
2. Intake of light and ununctuous food
3. Exercise, kneading, medicated smoke inhalation, medicated gargles
4. Fat reducing medications
6. Intake of old wheat, honey
7. Aged alcoholic drinks (medicinal doses)
8. Avoid daytime sleep.
As wind is ununctuous, cold and light, warm gingili (sesame) oil alleviates wind (vata).
Bile is hot, not sweet and sharp, so ghee (clarified butter ) alleviates bile (pitta).
Mucous is unctuous, sweet and sluggish. So honey, which is astringent and has a scraping action, alleviates it (kapha).